Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that aims to prevent dental and maxillofacial irregularities, and focuses on intercepting the progress of any existent ones and treat them along with creating better esthetics and function (mastication, phonation etc.).
What are the causes of orthodontic irregularities?
- Genetic factors
- Birth defects (lip-palate clefts etc.)
- Malfunctions (mouth breathing etc.)
- Harmful habits (thumb sucking, long use of pacifiers etc.)
- Early loss of deciduous teeth
Why should the orthodontic irregularities be treated? Regular teeth,
- Help efficient biting, mastication and phonation.
- Contribute to healthy teeth and gums.
- Reduce the susceptibility to gingival diseases and caries.
- Prevent various malfunctions (joint problems etc.)
Subsequent to the treatment of dental irregularities, function and appearance of these teeth are improved thus an esthetic look is achieved.
When should an orthodontic examination be carried out?
Sometimes an orthodontic examination at ages 5 or 6 can be useful. At this age, no orthodontic treatment is carried out but some preventive measures can be taken. These are defined as preventive and interceptive orthodontic treatments.