Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by the destruction of teeth and structures supporting them (periodontal ligaments, cementum, and alveolar bone). The disease involves inflammation of the gum followed by the progressive loss of alveolar bone. Periodontitis is caused by bacterial plaque and it can be treated mechanically. But genetic, environmental and systemic factors can affect the development of periodontal diseases. These systemic factors may involve diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, epilepsy, Down syndrome, AIDS, and hematologic diseases.
Periodontal disease is very common in society. The first symptom of a periodontal disease is gingival bleeding. Gums are swollen, red and along with a shiny surface.Halitosis, itching of gums and sensitivity of teeth are also among these symptoms.
Periodontal diseases may affect people of all ages from children to elder ones; in different severities. It may proceed without any symptoms since the patients most commonly do not have any problems like pain. When the patient has the complaint, healthy teeth without caries are lost by flapping, due to damage in supporting structures.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
The main purpose of periodontal therapy is to preserve unhealthy teeth in the mouth. Different treatment methods are available according to the severity and the type of the disease. These can be summarized as oral hygiene education, removal of calculus, root planing, and regenerative, reconstructive and mucogingival operations. Creating aesthetic gums for individuals with high lip line is also among periodontal therapy. Type and severity of the disease, patient habits, cooperation between patient and doctor, and oral hygiene standards affect the treatment planning and its success directly.
When necessary treatments associated with early diagnosis are applied, periodontal therapy is the dental service which has the highest success and patience satisfaction rate. It should be noted that no restorative treatment can be applied to periodontally unhealthy teeth.